Neurological disorders are diseases of the brain, spine and the nerves that connect them. There are more than 600 diseases of the nervous system, such as brain tumors, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease and stroke as well as less familiar ones such as frontotemporal dementia.
A Neurosurgeon is a physician who specializes in treatment and surgery of the nervous system and its surrounding structures. Neurosurgeons operate on the brain, skull, scalp and spinal column. The overall goal of the neurosurgeon is to maintain blood flow and oxygen to all parts of the brain, thus minimizing the damage and increasing the prospect of survival and recovery.
They have begun to utilize endovascular image guided procedures for the treatment of aneurysms, AVMs, carotid stenosis, strokes, and spinal malformations, and vasospasms. Techniques such as angioplasty, stenting, clot retrieval, embolization, and diagnostic angiography are now being utilized.