Eye is one of the most sensitive organs in our body that needs extreme care to prevent any problems or abnormalities. Problems in vision arise due to a variety of factors. One of the most common reasons is the age. Vision problems are more common once we grow older and older. Hence, preventive measures should be taken right from the young age to maintain healthy eyes. In case any symptoms of problems are recognized, they need to be treated immediately.
The most common eye problems that are diagnosed during old age are:
Other factors causing visual problems could be any injury to the eye, an accident that has caused serious impact on the visual capabilities, serious eye infections, diseases that result in affecting the eye and vision like diabetes.
A cataract is an opacification or cloudiness of the eye's crystalline lens due to aging, disease, or trauma that typically prevents light from forming a clear image on the retina. If visual loss is significant, surgical removal of the lens may be warranted, with lost optical power usually replaced with a plastic intraocular lens (IOL). Owing to the high prevalence of cataracts, cataract extraction is the most common eye surgery. Rest after surgery is recommended.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases affecting the optic nerve that results in vision loss and is frequently characterized by raised intraocular pressure (IOP). There are many types of glaucoma surgery, and variations or combinations of those types, that facilitate the escape of excess aqueous from the eye to lower intraocular pressure, and a few that lower IOP by decreasing the production of aqueous humor.
Lasik Procedure is the safest and accurate method to correct short sight (myopia), Long sight (Hyperopia), Astigmatism (Cylindrical powers) and other Corneal scarring disorders. The basis for all laser eye surgery is to reshape the cornea such that it changes the focal point of the eye. Ideally, the focal point is changed so that it focuses perfectly on the retina, just like a normal eye.
Low Vision Aids
Orbit & Oculoplasty
Canaloplasty is an advanced, nonpenetrating procedure designed to enhance drainage through the eye's natural drainage system to provide sustained reduction of IOP. Canaloplasty utilizes microcatheter technology in a simple and minimally invasive procedure. To perform a canaloplasty, an Ophthalmologist creates a tiny incision to gain access to a canal in the eye. A microcatheter circumnavigates the canal around the iris, enlarging the main drainage channel and its smaller collector channels through the injection of a sterile, gel-like material called viscoelastic. The catheter is then removed and a suture is placed within the canal and tightened. By opening up the canal, the pressure inside the eye can be reduced. Long-term results are available, published in the Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery.